The Republic of Rwanda has an estimated population of 10.2 million (UN, 2010). The capital is Kigali. Rwanda has an area of 26,338 sq km (10,169 sq miles). The main languages are Kinyarwanda (official), French (official), English (official), and Swahili.

Africa’s most densely populated country, Rwanda gained independence in 1962 from Belgium. Decades of ethnic tensions between the dominant Tutsi minority and the Hutu majority led to the deterioration of the country. In 1994, Rwanda experienced Africa’s worst genocide. Within 100 days, nearly 800,000 Tutsis and moderate Hutus were brutally murdered and up to 500,000 women were raped.

Rwanda has made considerable progress in promoting gender equality and women’s empowerment. Women currently make up 56 percent of the parliament. However, despite these achievements, many challenges of inequality between men and women still exist.

  • Rwanda ratified the Protocol to the African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights on the Rights of Women in Africa best Known as the Maputo Protocol on the 25th June 2004.
  • The Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) was ratified by Rwanda on the 2nd of March 1981.
  • Rwanda launched its National Action Plan on United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325 (UNSCR 1325) in May 2010.
  • From October 1993 to March 1996, there was a UN peacekeeping mandate in Rwanda: United Nations Assistance Mission for Rwanda (UNAMIR).

Source: BBC, AlertNet, CIA, UN, SIGI

RWANDA : Le Rwanda va Accueillir l'Unique Internat Pour Filles d'Afghanistan
RWANDA & ETHIOPIA: Looking to Africa’s LDCs to Learn How to Save the Lives of Millions of Mothers and their Babies
RWANDA Parliamentary Election 2011
RWANDA: Is It Men's Inferiority Complex, or Are Career Women Impossible to Deal With?
RWANDA: PRESS RELEASE: Rwandan Government Takes Critical Step in Recognizing Women's Fundamental Human Rights
RWANDA: Women Urged to Take Advantage of Regional Conference
RWANDA: 'Feminine' Virtues Blamed For Unequal Land Rights, Research Shows
RWANDA: 'Ni Nyampinga', a New Platform for Rwandan Girls' Voices
RWANDA: 'Women With HIV Denied Right to Inherit'
RWANDA: 2,000 Screened for Cervical Cancer
RWANDA: 2nd phase of UN GBV course kicks off in Musanze
RWANDA: 500 Teenage Pregnancies Recorded in 2012 - Report
RWANDA: 60 Women Acquire Entrepreneurial Skills
RWANDA: 70 Female Police Officers Complete Training
RWANDA: A woman who ran against Rwanda's president is on trial
RWANDA: Action Aid Empowers Rural Women
RWANDA: Activism And Rwanda’s Development Model – Diane Rwigara Takes a Stand
RWANDA: Activists Say Sexual Corruption a Threat to Economic Prospects
RWANDA: Activists Say Sexual Corruption a Threat to Economic Prospects
RWANDA: Address Gender Imbalance Collectively, Women Activists Say
Go to top