2023 Elections Monitoring

Text by: Vivian Nilsson - van Iperen

Visuals by: Grace Marwa - Pattison

The year 2023 marked the conclusion of 14 elections in Africa. Out of the 14 elections, five (5) were held in Western Africa (Benin, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Nigeria, and Sierra Leone), three (3) in Northern Africa (Egypt, Mauritania, and Tunisia), and two (2) in Southern Africa (Eswatini, Zimbabwe), Central Africa (the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Gabon), and Eastern Africa (Djibouti, Madagascar), respectively.

By: Naomi Ndifon

On 16 November 2023, the Republic of Madagascar held its presidential election. 13 male candidates vied for the position of President. Subsequently, incumbent President Andry Rajoelina of the Young Malagasies Determined Party emerged as the winner, securing a second 5-year term after receiving 58.95% of the votes, eliminating the need for a second round. Voter turnout on election day was 46%, considered the lowest in the island nation's history.

By: Jeptum Tuitoek

The Republic of Liberia’s presidential and parliamentary elections were held on 10 October 2023. As no presidential candidate received a majority of votes in the first round, a runoff election was held on 14 November 2023. Opposition leader Joseph Boakai of the Unity Party received a majority vote of 50.64% and was declared the winner, defeating the incumbent George Weah of the Coalition for Democratic Change (CDC), who received 49.36%. In the parliamentary polls, Liberians set out to elect all members of the House of Representatives and half of the members of the Senate. The CDC obtained 25 of the 73 seats in the House of Representatives and of the 15 seats in the Liberian Senate. The Unity Party secured 11 seats in the House of Representatives and one in the Liberian Senate. Independent candidates secured 19 House of Representatives seats and 6 Senate seats.

By: Agnes Miriam

On 20 December 2023, the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) held its presidential and parliamentary elections. The Independent National Electoral Commission (CENI) declared the incumbent President Felix Tshisekedi of Union for Democracy and Social Progress (UDPS), the winner with 73% of the votes. Moise Katumbi of Together for the Republic obtained 18% of the votes, Martin Fayulu, Lamuka coalition, 5%, and Denis Mukwege, a renowned physician for treating women brutalized by sexual violence in Eastern Congo, received less than 1%. In the parliamentary elections, the Sacred Union of the Nation Coalition and its allies won 450 out of 477 confirmed seats in the National Assembly. President Tshisekedi UDPS received the most votes of the Coalition parties and 69 seats. 

Text by: Vivian Nilsson – van Iperen
Visual by: Naomi Ndifon

On 30 August 2023, only hours after the incumbent President Ali Bongo Ondimba was declared winner in the Gabonese Republic’s presidential elections, a group of Gabonese military officers, calling themselves Committee for the Transition and Restoration of Institutions (CTRI), seized power and placed President Ali Bongo was temporarily placed under house arrest. The African Union (AU) and the Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS) condemned the coup, and Gabon’s membership in the two organisations was suspended. In denouncing the coup, the AU Commission President Moussa Faki said it violated the AU’s norms on elections, democracy, and governance. Days later, on 4 September, General Brice Oligui Nguema was sworn in as the Transitional President and presented his government., which included seven female ministers.

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