The Arab Republic of Egypt has an estimated population of 84.5 million (UN, 2010). The capital is Cairo. Egypt has an area of 1 million sq km (386,874 sq miles). The main language is Arabic.

Home to one the world's greatest civilisations, Egypt was partially independent from the UK in 1922, but its full sovereignty was only achieved in 1952 by the overthrow of the British. The rapid growth of the Egyptian population, which is the largest in the Arab world, and the lack of land are the new challenges that face the current government.

Like in many Islamic nations, the family law in Egypt is traditionally based on Sharia Law, which tend to favor the social position of men. In Egypt, women’s roles derive much of their legitimacy from the Qur'an. Violence against women such as domestic violence and female genital mutilation are largely widespread. In Egypt, a woman’s husband is legally permitted to physically punish their wives in cases of disobedience or infidelity. While men can take up to four wives, women may have only one husband.

  • Egypt has neither signed nor ratified the Protocol to the African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights on the Rights of Women in Africa (The Maputo Protocol).
  • The Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) was ratified by Egypt on the 18th of in September 1981.
  • Egypt has not yet adopted a National Action Plan on United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325 (UNSCR 1325).
  • There are no current or former UN peacekeeping mandates in Egypt.

Source:BBC, AlertNet, CIA, UN, SIGI,

EGYPT: "We are not women, We are Egyptian": Spaces of Protest and Representation
EGYPT: “I Wish…” UN Women Captures one Street Campaign Against Sexual Harassment in Egypt
EGYPT: “Violence Against Women” Conference Kicks Off Sunday At Cairo University
EGYPT: “Your voice is your weapon”: Taking on sexual harassment in Egypt
EGYPT: 13-Year-Old Girl Dies After FGM Operation
EGYPT: 2nd Runoff Presidential Elections and what it means for women
EGYPT: 30 NGOs Call for a New Constitution
EGYPT: 300 Cases of Sexual Harassment in First Half of Eid: Watchdog
EGYPT: A Conversation with Two Egyptian Feminists Sally Zohney and Mona Eltahawy Sit Down for a Wide-Ranging Talk About Women's Rights in Egypt.
EGYPT: A Troubled Revolution in Egypt
EGYPT: Activist Posts Herself Nude
EGYPT: Activist: Egypt's Leaders Label Female Protesters 'Prostitutes'
EGYPT: Activists Launch 'Know Me' Initiative to Support Women's Rights
EGYPT: Activists Launch 'Know Me' Initiative to Support Women's Rights
EGYPT: Activists Protest for the Inclusion of Women's Rights in the Constitution
EGYPT: African Refugee Women Report Surge of Sex Attacks in Egypt
EGYPT: After Revolution in Egypt, Women's Taste of Equality Fades
EGYPT: After Revolution, Egypt's Battle for Human Rights Continues
EGYPT: Against All Odds: ‘Virginity Test’ Victim Awaits her Verdict
EGYPT: Al-Awa - Will Prosecute Those Responsible for Mistreating Tahrir Girl Even If It's Tantawi
Go to top